Diagnosing the precise form of arthritis allows for targeted treatment plans, leading to better disease management and improved quality of life for individuals affected by these conditions.Here are some of the key forms of arthritis that can be diagnosed through arthritis panel tests:
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): This autoimmune condition causes the immune system to attack joint linings, leading to inflammation, pain, and joint damage. Arthritis panel tests detect markers like rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies, aiding in RA diagnosis.
Osteoarthritis: While it might not have specific markers in blood tests, arthritis panels help rule out other forms of arthritis and determine the extent of inflammation, which can assist in diagnosing osteoarthritis, often characterized by wear-and-tear damage to joints.
Psoriatic Arthritis: Associated with the skin condition psoriasis, this form of arthritis causes joint pain and skin changes. Arthritis panels help identify markers like psoriatic factor and assess inflammation indicators for accurate diagnosis.
Ankylosing Spondylitis: This inflammatory arthritis primarily affects the spine and sacroiliac joints. Arthritis panel tests can identify the HLA-B27 genetic marker and other inflammatory indicators, aiding in early diagnosis.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE): While mainly a systemic autoimmune disease, SLE can affect joints. Arthritis panels help assess antibodies like anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti-dsDNA antibodies, aiding in diagnosing joint involvement in SLE.
Gout: Gout is characterized by uric acid crystal accumulation in joints. Arthritis panel tests can measure uric acid levels and help confirm gout as the cause of joint pain and inflammation.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA): Affecting children and adolescents, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is diagnosed through clinical evaluation, including symptoms like joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Arthritis panel tests may assist in excluding other conditions.