Electrolytes or serum electrolytes are electrically-charged particles that play a crucial role in controlling the amount of fluids in your body, the acid-base balance, muscle and nerve activities, and heart rhythm, etc. Thus, maintaining optimal serum electrolytes levels is essential for your holistic well-being.
An electrolytes serum test measures the amount of electrolytes in your body. Some of the key electrolytes are:
- Sodium - This electrolyte helps control the fluid levels in your body, and ensures the optimal functionality of your nerves and muscles.
- Chloride - Apart from helping control the fluid levels in your body, this electrolyte helps maintain healthy blood volume and pressure.
- Potassium - Helps your heart and muscles function optimally.
- Bicarbonate - Helps maintain your body’s acid-base balance and eliminate carbon dioxide through your bloodstream.
Test is leveraged to gauge the levels of all these crucial electrolytes to minimise your risk and exposure to health complications, such as kidney diseases, hypertension, and arrhythmia (irregular heart beat), etc. Your healthcare provider might also suggest an anion gap test and a blood gas test to determine why certain electrolytes levels are high or low.