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An overview of the HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c) test, levels, and normal ranges

Hemoglobin A1c test, levels, and normal ranges

Posted By Rupa Jaiswal Posted on Jun 22, 2022

HbA1c is a marker that shows how much glucose has been in the blood over a long period. Some people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes have seen the condition before. Keep reading till the end of this article. We will answer all the questions coming to your mind and get to know the hba1c test price.

An Overview Of The Hba1c Hemoglobin A1c Test Levels And Normal Ranges

What is an HbA1c test?

A hemoglobin A1c test can determine your hemoglobin A1c level over the past two to three months. It also includes the names HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, and glycohemoglobin. People with diabetes must take this test to see if their levels are in the normal range. It can tell if your diabetes medicines need to be changed. Diabetes can also be found with the A1c test—hba1c test costs around INR300 to INR900. You can easily find the current price at your location by visiting the clinic or searching "hba1c test price near me".

Hemoglobin - what is it?

The red blood cell contains hemoglobin, a protein that transports oxygen. It makes your blood red, and its job is to carry oxygen around your body.

How does HbA1c do its job?

Hemoglobin is needed to test A1c. Hemoglobin is in the red blood cells of a person and moves oxygen all over the body. When glucose is in the blood, it sticks to the hemoglobin. This is called glycation. When more glucose is in the blood, the hemoglobin sticks to it more. Hemoglobin is affected by sugar over time, as measured by the A1c test. If you require an HbA1c test, you must always find the "hba1c test near me".

Normal range of HbA1c 

The HbA1c test is measured in either mmol/mol or as a percentage.

I've written down what is considered a normal range for HbA1c and what values are outside of that range (pre-diabetic or diabetic):

- HBA1C RANGE FOR HEALTHY ADULTS WHO DON'T HAVE DIABETES

Less than 6%, or less than 42 mmol/mol

- HBA1C RANGE FOR PRE-DIABETES

6.0 to 6.4 percent, or 42 to 47 mmol/mol

- HBA1C RANGE FOR DIABETES

6.5 percent or more, or at least 48 mmol/mol.

HbA1c Goals for People with Diabetes

The goal A1C level for a person is based on several things. The proper goal for each person is different. The target A1C level for a diabetic patient could be based on:

  • Age
  • Health as a whole
  • Pregnant or not
  • Diabetes's history
  • The treatment plan they suggested
  • Any problems caused by diabetes
  • Treatment priorities for an individual

A doctor or nurse may say that A1C levels under 6.5 percent should be the goal. If one:

  • Is young and has a good chance of living a long time
  • Has had diabetes in the past for a short time
  • Is doing an excellent job of controlling their diabetes through lifestyle
  • changes or metformin by itself

A healthcare provider may tell a person to aim for A1C levels between 7.0 and 8.5 percent if:

  • likely to die younger
  • Has been diagnosed with diabetes for a longer time.
  • Has other long-term health issues
  • Having diabetes, which is hard to control, even with multiple medications
  • Has had problems because of diabetes

How often do you have to take it?

If you have diabetes, your doctor will probably have you take the A1c test right away. The test is also done if your doctor thinks you might get diabetes. The test will give you a starting point for your blood sugar so you can see how well you control it.

How often you need to take the test after that depends on several factors, such as:

- Type of diabetes you have

- Your blood sugar is under

- Your plan for treatment

If you have pre-diabetes, which means you are likely to get diabetes, you will probably get tested once a year. When you don't use insulin and have type 2 diabetes, your blood sugar may be tested twice a year. The development of type 1 diabetes can occur three to four times a year in people with the disease. If you take a new medication or your diabetes plan changes, you may need the test more often. It's not a test of how long you can go without eating. It can be taken at any time of day, either before or after a meal.

People with diseases like anemia that affect hemoglobin may get false results from this test. High cholesterol levels and supplements like vitamins C and E can also change the results of the hemoglobin A1c test. Diseases of the kidneys or liver could also affect the test.

Does low hemoglobin affect HbA1c?

Low levels of HbA1c are directly related to low levels of hemoglobin. This means that when hemoglobin levels drop, so do hemoglobin levels. Many foods in our kitchens contain nutrients, but most of us don't know that. During the consultation call, A patient said she didn't want to take supplements to get the needed nutrients. Instead, she wanted a diet that included staple foods. A personal diet coach helped her make a diet chart that was easy to follow for life and fit her body's needs.

Why the HbA1c test is better than other tests for diabetes

Choose the HbA1c test instead of other diabetes tests because it has many advantages:

-     NO NEED TO GET READY: You don't have to do anything to get prepared for the HbA1c test. You have to be fasting for the other diabetes tests. For this test, a person must go without food for at least 5–6 hours. After the fasting test, there is a second blood test after a meal. This helps you determine your blood sugar level after a meal.

-     THERE IS NO EXCLUSIVE DIET TO FOLLOW: A glucose tolerance test is used to identify diabetic patients. Before this test, you need to eat a certain way for three days. A person also has to go without food the night before the test. Still, people can eat or drink anything they want before an HbA1c test.

-     CONVENIENT AND SAVES TIME: many blood tests can be done in just a few hours. This helps determine how much sugar is in the blood in several ways. Still, HbA1c is just one blood test. The HbA1c report is even sent to the person within 24 hours of the test, and the process is simple.

Conclusion:

There is nothing substantial in this world than our health. That is why we must take care of it before anything else. In this busy life, give some precious time to yourself to find out what your body is trying to say to you. The Hba1c test has been covered in this article.




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