Menopause - A new start to womanhood
Posted By HealthcareOnTime Team
Posted on 2022-04-07
Woman- With a power to procreate; this realisation earns full potential only after attaining puberty and
beginning of menstruation. Though, many girls crib about those irritating three days every month, it is only
when they give birth, do they realise the beauty this gift has bestowed. For a girl, every change of phase in
life is symptomised by physical as well as psychological changes; be it puberty, adolescence, womanhood or
So, if you are a woman in the age group of 45-59 years, you can very well relate to certain changes in
yourself like mood swings, hot flashes, insomnia, painful intercourse, etc. These changes might also be
fueling constant arguments with your partner and family members. What's worse is the continuous internal
frustration and puzzlement faced by you; and not knowing the causal factor for these. Fear not my lady,
for these changes mark the onset of the next phase of womanhood-Menopause!
Less talked upon, generally considered as a story of the old, in spite of being a very natural biological
phenomenon in women, menopause is a phase in a woman's life when she slowly stops getting her monthly periods.
It is the time when the ovaries cease to function and is marked by an absence of menstrual cycle for around
12 months. In India, the average age for attaining menopause is considerably early, around 47.5 years for a
woman with a life expectancy of 71 years after which she even looses her ability to become pregnant.'
Unlike menarche - onset of menstruation, menopause doesn't take place overnight and is rather a gradual phase
wherein the transition takes place slowly with the menses cycle becoming irregular occurring at longer or shorter
intervals than normal. The menstrual flow is either heavy or light along with occurrence of hot flashes lasting 10
seconds to 30 minutes.
Following are few more symptoms observed during menopause:
Difficulty in sleep and fatigue
Drastic mood swings
Fragility, loss of bones and joint pain
Increase in bad cholesterol leading to risk of heart diseases
Loss of elasticity in vaginal tissues and weight gain
Urinary tract infections
Changes in libido (sex drive)
These changes occur due to a gradual drop in the levels of hormones in a woman's body, which are estrogen
and progesterone, responsible for maintaining the health of reproductive organs.
MENOPAUSE OCCURS IN FOLLOWING SUCCESSIVE STAGES
This is the transition period wherein the body of a woman gradually moves towards a stage of complete infertility
and is marked by menopausal symptoms.
This phase is marked by complete absence of the menstrual cycle which also marks the end of the reproductive period
This phase occurs many years after menopause during which many menopausal symptoms
ease and women become subjected to high risk of medical conditions like osteoporosis,
heart diseases, etc.
Other factors which can induce early menopause include
1. Premature Ovarian Failure:
When a woman's ovaries
stop functioning before 40 years due to medical conditions like autoimmune diseases,
diabetesor any other genetic defects.
2. Surgical Menopause
Menses also cease due to surgical removal of ovaries, fallopian tubes or uterus.
3. Excessive tobacco usage.
4. Chemotherapy and other radiation therapies
There are no specific reliable tests available for diagnosing menopause. However, your doctor may
recommend certain blood tests to determine the levels of following hormones:
Menopause is a normal part of life and not some disorder or disease; hence it doesn't require any treatment or
medications. hormones replacement therapies and certain medications, antidepressants and vaginal lubricants are
prescribed if the menopausal symptoms become severe and hinder your daily lives. Although fertility decreases
during menopause, these medications cannot be considered as contraceptives. Hence, a woman can still conceive
even if proper contraceptive options are not undertaken.
As women, we think we are superhuman's and try to handle everything which life throws at us with great strides;
but menopause isn't a path travelled solo. It is a very subjective experience as it also depends on the cultural
society in which a woman resides. There is still not a necessity to go through this phase alone. If you are a man
reading this article, understanding your better-half can be very challenging during her menopausal phase. Care
and support from partner and family can ease a lot of symptoms, mentally as well as physically.
STEPS TO BEAT THE MENOPAUSE BLUES
Avoid skipping meals and maintain a healthy diet including ample greens and leafy vegetables like
broccoli, tomatoes; fruits such as dried plums, etc. to ease the unpleasant menopausal symptoms.
Give up Smoking and moderate your alcohol consumption.
Pump up your iron levels by incorporating protein rich foods such as lean meat, eggs, etc.
Drink a lot of water to keep yourself hydrated, and to keep electrolyte levels in check.
So eat up ladies and exercise well to remain fit and fine as you step into this new phase of womanhood!