Dual Offer + FREE Dr Advice | WhatsApp Prescription | Book Home Visit ✆ 09220145540

Menu Icon

Preventive Measures For Healthy Kidneys

Preventive Measures For Healthy Kidneys

Posted By HealthcareOnTime Team Posted on 2022-02-03

An overactive bladder disrupting your daily life?
A lingering pain on the left abdominal side?
Ignore not, for they are not minor worries.
Beware of anomalies in your kidneys!

Preventive Measures For Healthy Kidneys

Lookalike of headphones, nature has wired human bodies with an efficient A set of bean-shaped organs, Kidneys, present in the back of abdomen, on the left and right sides of the spine to be precise. Though being just fist-size, kidneys multitask and micromanage functions so manifold, that may leave one awestruck with their immaculate efficiency of functioning 24x7.

Filtering blood to remove excess water and wastes, kidneys eliminate these by producing urine while also controlling blood pressure and regulating water-urine levels. They also produce hormones to carry out vital bodily functions like Red blood cells production and activating vitamin D for maintaining bone health. Any condition affecting their tiny filters, nephrons and the surrounding tubules and blood vessels, cause inflammation which can't be recognised until the disease reaches an advanced stage.

Damage happens slowly, over many years due to conditions like Diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, and genetic anomalies, and can develop in anybody, regardless of age and gender. Initially not recogni- sably visible, but overtime symptoms become vague, directing towards diverse causes. Smart is an early recognition and prompt awareness on major kidney ailments to stall them as early as possible, and avoid future complications.

Maladies affecting Kidneys!
1. Kidney Stone
When urine becomes concentrated mainly with calcium, oxalate and uric acid along with a decreased volume, these minerals crystallise together and form hard crystalline mineral deposits and acid salts, known as Kidney stones. Very commonly observed, these either inhabit the kidneys or urinary tract (mainly ureters), and produce varied symptoms like difficulties in passing urine, red or brown urine, blood in urine along with a flank or severe abdominal pain.

How to prevent Kidney Stone
-the more you drink water, the maximum you will pass urine, and will get rid of these stones sooner.
- Restrict consumption of calcium oxalate-rich foods like beets, spinach, sweet potatoes, nuts, okra, tea, chocolate and soy products.
- Consume a diet low in salt and animal proteins (like legumes).
-Calcium-rich foods can be eaten, but keep a check on calcium supplements.

2. Kidney Infections
Bacteria (often E.coli) traveling from the urinary bladder to one or both the kidneys, or entering via the bloodstream or intravenous drug abuse (such as Staphylococcus sp.), end up causing a variety of infections in kidneys. Symptoms often develop quickly within hours or days with notable weakness, abdominal pain, pain around the genitals, high fever, chills, foul smell or bloody urine and diarrhea.
How to prevent Kidney Infections
- Drinking plenty of fluids, mainly 8 10 glasses of water, will wash away bacteria from bladder and urinary tract.
-Intake of Cranberry juice, probiotics and pineapples prevent recurrent UTIs and constipation.
-Proper wiping strategies with wiping from front to back post bowel movement prevents bacteria from getting into urethar
- Practice good hygiene and keep the genital area clean.

3. Kidney Diseases
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) An inherited kidney disorder wherein fluid-filled cysts formed in the kidney, impair kidney function and eventually cause kidney failure.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) As one gets older, kidney function declines, and if one suffers from underlying long-term conditions like heart failure, diabetes, etc., symptoms like weakness, breathlessness, blood in urine, swollen limbs at advanced stages indicate CKD.

How to prevent Kidney Diseases
-Abstain from Smoking and cut down on alcohol.
- Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy metabolism.
-Consume diet rich in fruit and vegetables, starchy and dairy foods, pulses with lower portions of saturated fat, salt and sugar. Long-term conditions like diabetes, to be controlled
- Avoid long-term consumption of over-the-counter medications or painkillers like aspirin, ibuprofen.

4. Acute Kidney Injury
Impairment of kidney function due to sudden damage to kidneys caused by ageing, infections, chronic diseases, medications, can initially manifest into reduced blood flow to kidneys to their complete failure at later stages.
How to prevent Acute Kidney Injury
-Monitor kidney function with regular blood and urine microscopy test.
-Pay heed to warning signs like vomiting, less urine production, bloody urine.
-Increase fluid consumption to ward off dehydration.
Stop or seek medical attention if any medications are prone to directly damage kidneys.

5. Kidney Cancer
Abnormal and uncontrolled proli- feration of cells in the kidney, leading to formation of tumours, due to an inherited mutant gene, extreme obesity or high blood pressure. Symptoms usually manifest with blood in urine, lower abdominal pain and lump/swelling on sides.

Kidney Cancer can't be prevented. But, the risk can be lowered by,
- Abstaining from tobacco smoking.
-Maintaining a healthy weight by regular exercise.
-Opting diet rich in fruits and vege tables.
-Treating high blood pressure.
-Avoiding exposure to harmful substances like cadmium and organic solvents.

A Kidney check - Markers of kidney damage
Kidney damage is diagnosed by checking the levels of various markers. These markers often provide a clue to the likely site of damage within the kidney Few important markers are listed below:
1. Proteinuria
It is characterized by increased amounts of protein in the urine and indicates the following
1. Increased permeability to large molecular weight proteins
2. Incomplete reabsorption of low molecular weight proteins
3. Increased levels of low molecular weight proteins in blood

1. Albuminuria
Albuminuria is a common finding in CKD. It is an early marker of glomerular diseases, where it generally appears before the reduction in glomerular filtration rate. Constant albumin excretion rate (AER) of 30 mg/24 hours for more than 3, months indicate CKD.
2. blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
Increased BUN is known to be associated with kidney damage or failure and blockage of the urinary tract by a kidney stone. BUN level higher than 100 mg/dL points to a severe kidney damage.
3. Urea Creatinine Ratio
This ratio assesses the renal function as plasma/serum levels of both reflect eGFR, an indication of proper kidney function.

It is Preventable!
Diseases affecting kidneys can be prevented if the risk factors are controlled. Certain factors that can make it possible include lifestyle modification, reduction in smoking and alcohol consumption along with a healthy diet. Early diagnosis holds the key to prevention of end stage renal disease (kidney damage that cannot be reversed). Hence, right preventive care is essential for accurate diagnosis at the right time, so that necessary steps to prevent the progression of the condition can be taken.

Food for Kidneys
While you meet your body's natural needs, by eating foodstuffs to calm your hunger pangs and drinking water to quench your thirst, the resulting surge of essential nutrients mainly minerals and certain metabolic wastes are managed by a pair of significant organs fitted in the body, our kidneys! Being the natural 'managers', working around the clock, they tirelessly balance the levels of all components (dietary excesses and by-products) by controlling what's in excess and what's not. Right from waste removal, hormonal production to regulating blood pressure, red blood cell production, mineral balance, keeping the blood composition stable, kidneys undertake a humongous workload. Such vital organs definitely demand essential attention, which can be provided without sacrificing a lot from our pockets and time from our busy schedules. The solutions are sitting in our kitchen in numbers, what awaits is just a little organising to consume these kidney-friendly foods regularly, on priority.

Performing a not-so-glamorous but vital job Kidneys work 24x7 removing excesses and wastes. Are you eating right for them to work right?

Kidney Beans for Bean-shaped organs!
With shape and color alike, beans are low-fat highly nutritional foods, loaded with high soluble and insoluble fiber which foster cardiovascular health, modulates blood pressure and also stabilises blood sugar. Packed with low sodium, sugar and cholesterol content, and rich in amino acids, magnesium, they reduce the risk of kidney stones and other renal diseases.
Crunchy Cabbage
This inexpensive cruciferous vegetable is immensely kidney-friendly and a touted dialysis food being rich in phytochemicals, chemical compounds that thwart harmful free radicals present in body. Abundant in vitamins K, C, B6, fiber, copper, manganese and folic acid, they improve cardiovascular health, reduce inflammation and alleviate constipation.
Bell peppers
Red or green, these are low in potassium, therefore doesn't load kidneys for its excess removal. These Peppers not only add color or taste to a dish, but are generously packed with Vitamin A, C, B6, Folic acid and fiber, which enhances kidney health. Antioxidant, lycopene present in them lowers the risk of certain types of cancers and renal diseases, helps get rid of free radicals and inflammation from the body.
Garlic and Onion
Lowering cholesterol, garlic works as a powerful antioxidant reducing inflammation, regulating blood sugar levels and reducing risk of diabetes, which in turn reduce potential renal damages and controls any illness's progression. Flavonoids (quercetin) present in onions prevent deposition of plaques in blood vessels and chromium present in it aids in metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, thus easing the removal of wastes via kidneys.

Be it cranberries, blueberries, raspberries or strawberries, they all are rich in antioxidants which neutralise free radicals. Vitamin B & C, fiber and manganese content in them provide anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties that reduce the level of toxins in body, reducing the load on kidneys while strengthening bones as well.
Loaded with omega-3 fatty acids, they lower LDL (the bad cholesterol) and raise HDL (the good cholesterol) and also reduce the risk of cancers and heart diseases, keeping kidney health in check.
Fibrous with anti-inflammatory properties, they reduce cholesterol, prevent constipation, provides protection from heart ailments and reduces cancer risk.
Egg whites
These are pure protein with less phosphorous content and form a perfect diet for kidney patients for they don't alter the hormonal levels or weaken bones.
Olive oil
Rich in anti-inflammatory fatty acids, polyphenols and antioxidant compounds, these combat inflammation and oxidation, reducing the load of removing free radicals from kidneys.
Rich in flavonoids, mainly resveratrol, these not only provide protection against inflamed kidneys and certain cancers, but also enhance production of nitric oxide which fosters relaxation of muscle cells in blood vessels to increase blood flow.

One word answer toward repel these maladies - Prevention!
Be it frequent urination, peculiar urine appearances or a felt burning sensation, symptoms when paid heed on time, will definitely pave a path for patients onto a routine investigation of kidney health by a doctor, who via various laboratory test results like high levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen (BUN) in blood or high levels of protein in urine, can identify any abnormality with kidneys.

A healthy diet with exercise, devoid of any substance and alcohol abuse, with a little awareness and carefulness, are deemed to be boons, to keep sound health of the beanshaped warriors, Kidneys!


View Our Editorial Policy
Was this article helpful?

Trending Health & Fitness Web Stories

Find Latest Health Web Stories, Fitness Photo Stories, Health AMP Stories.VIEW ALL

Did you catch our latest post? JOIN US

Facebook LinkedIn Instagram Twitter YouTube

Contact Us

Email: info@healthcareontime.com | Phone No: 09220145540 | Whatsapp: 9820693367
  • Copyright 2024 HealthCareOnTime.com, All Rights Reserved
  • Disclaimer: HealthcareOnTime offers extensively researched information, including laboratory testing for health screening. However, we must emphasize that this content is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always prioritize consulting your healthcare provider for accurate medical guidance and personalized treatment. Remember, your health is of paramount importance, and only a qualified medical professional can make precise determinations regarding your well-being.
DMCA.com Protection Status HealthCareOnTime.com Protection Status HealthCareOnTime.com Protection Status