What are autoimmune diseases and how it triggers?
Posted By HealthcareOnTime Team
Posted on 2021-02-01
Over the last century or so there have been unprecedented strides made in the medical industry in terms of early detection and preventative diagnosis of illnesses. Consequently, several ailments and diseases which may have been deemed erstwhile terminal now have a definitive cure.
This ought to have increased the lifespan of human beings significantly. However, thanks to the unpredictable nature of progress and technology, several new health issues have come into existence as well. These in turn have given rise to autoimmune diseases.
What is autoimmune disease?
This occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its health body tissue. These days, due to the fast-paced lifestyle, increase in ailments in blood sugar, high levels of LDL-bad cholesterol, and even heart-related problems, there is no definitive age when any kind of autoimmune skin disease or even an autoimmune thyroid disease can set in. Hence, a significant number of young people are developing autoimmune diseases and consequently being susceptible to lifelong chronic illnesses.
One need to be aware of one's health and general wellbeing, Each person's normal varies and comparing one to another usually serves no purpose other than to alleviate anxiety. New symptoms, may indicate autoimmune disorders. Some of these examples may include unexpected weight loss and increased thirst and hunger, which may suggest diabetes. Fatigue, sun sensitivity, skin rashes, Intermittent weakness, and joint, which may indicate some hidden diseases.
type 1 diabetes: This autoimmune disease potentially occurs mostly in childhood, leaving patients unable to metabolize glucose and requiring a lifetime of insulin injections and blood testing to avoid fatal complications. Detection and occurrence of the disease have increased fivefold over the last 40 years (and 23 percent in the last decade) which points to an upward graph. Like most modern ailments, its root can be found in the highly urbanized lifestyle and increased stress levels which are predominant in most sections of the populace.
Now let us take a look at another ailment; one whose over or under effects are seen in a lot of women; thyroid : Graves' disease causes the thyroid gland to overproduce or underproduce the thyroid hormone, which affects the body's overall metabolism. Young patients may also experience anxiety, difficulty in concentrating, a lower attention span, fatigue, insomnia, muscle weakness, rapid or irregular heartbeat, tremors, and nervousness. This can be treated or even controlled to a great degree with the right medication, diet, and exercise.
Now, let's talk about RA: About 1% in India have RA, which causes inflammation that can damage joints and organs. Nearly three times as many women than men have the monsoon, and women tend to exhibit symptoms at a younger age (commonly between ages of 30 and 60) rather than men.
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Tests that diagnose autoimmune diseases
Autoimmune disease treatment varies from patient to patient and case to case. No single test can diagnose most autoimmune diseases. Any doctor will use a combination of tests and a review of the symptoms at hand, along with a thorough physical examination to arrive at the correct diagnosis.