Widespread Osteoporosis Osteoarthritis and Hypertension in Women
Posted By Rupa Jaiswal
Posted on Dec 02, 2021
Woman - Being So Soft Yet so Strong With Armoring Bone and a Tender Heart Arms to
Brace and Embrace to Hearten Ushering Emotions to Life and Life to Existence Standing
Staunch, Not Bending to Hurdles Clinging to Hope, She is integrating her Fragments.
Smiling away the blemishes of life She will care for Everybody in sight Uncomprehending
her own existence Pensive sadness yet pretense of exuberance She may perish but her
soul immortal Because she is a Woman - Being So Strong but Subtle
Playing various roles, maneuvering through different responsibilities, but disregarding
her own well-being; one in four women above the age of 50 years suffers from osteoporosis
in India. Post menopause, the bone density in women tends to decrease at the rate of 4 - 5.7%
at around the age of 40.' Women also have increased occurrence of coronary heart disease- 14.3%,
as compared to meni.e. 12.5%.
Heart and Bone are two important organs and women need to consider their health
along with others. Listed below are the most widespread diseases in women.
Bone - Diseases Attacking her Strength
Osteoporosis causes the bone to become fragile and less dense. Because women
have lesser bone mass than men, they are more prone to being affected by this
disease. Although bones generally get weaker with increasing age, this condition
becomes most common in women after menopause. This is because after menopause,
the production of the hormone estrogen reduces, which is essential for maintaining
bone health by helping to deposit calcium in the bones.
All bones are at risk of being affected by osteoporosis but the most menacing are the
risks to vertebrae of spine, and the hip which can have an effect on posture causing a
person to stoop, as well as loss of height, back pain, curving of spine, etc. Osteoporosis
being a "silent disease", the impact is visible only after the damage is done. So to prevent
bone damage due to osteoporosis, it becomes essential to diagnose it much earlier.
Osteoarthritis (OA) This is one of the most common joint diseases especially in older
women which causes movement disability. The incidences of this condition increases
in women greatly after menopause. Osteoarthritis causes joint failure by attacking the connective
tissues of joints Although initially not considered, but with increasing evidence predominantly
in women who have attained menopause, it has been now deemed that estrogen deficiency
does have a consequential effect on joints and cartilage tissues. Estrogen is said to protect
the cartilages that cushion the joints from inflammation which is commonly seen in Osteoarthritis.
Impaired production of estrogen at peri- or postmenopausal period accounts for
decrease in lean body mass and increase in body fat, along with loss of muscle mass thus causing impairment
of muscle performance and functional capacity.
Heart - Diseases Attacking her Softness
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Women have comparatively lower blood pressure (BP) than men. However it has
been observed that post menopause, the prevalence of hypertension in women
increases considerably. Because hypertension is one of the major factors responsible
for death due to heart diseases (Cardiovascular disease), it becomes very important to prevent and
protect oneself from the clutches of this condition. The hormone estrogen prevents
BP from increasing, but because post menopause, level of estrogen drops, women
become more prone to high blood pressure. Dysfunction of the cells of blood vessels,
which is one of the characteristics of hypertension, is also caused due to loss of estrogen.
Although progress in awareness and treatment of hypertension has been made, it is
underestimated and undiagnosed in women.
Cardiovascular disease and Hypertension is no longer only a man's disease
Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Disease
Menopause does not particularly cause heart diseases. But women postmenopause
undergo a considerable decrease in HDL (good cholesterol) and an increase in LDL??
(bad cholesterol). Such changes are expected to root for atherosclerosis, in which the
blood vessels harden and become less elastic. Estrogen is
considered to play a very positive role in maintaining the inner walls of the arteries.
Because levels of estrogen drop after menopause, this effect also starts declining,
making the heart vulnerable to Coronary diseases (diseases of arteries).
Aids in diagnosing the deficiency of essential minerals and vitamins
required for bone health such as,
calcium- Which is obtained through diet, is the building block of bone
vitamin D -Which is produced by skin on exposure to sunlight helps in absorbing calcium
from food into bones
Bone profile also includes testing for other factors that may influence or give an indication
of bone health, such as hormones, rheumatoid factor, serum copper and zinc, uric acid, etc.
Aids in diagnosing the abnormal levels of
LDL- Which carries the cholesterol towards the cells and
HDL- Which carries the cholesterol away from body cells to the liver for excretion
Other blood tests include detection of triglycerides, whose accumulation may also lead to heart diseases.
Bone profile, Cardiac profile and Lipid profile are available at Thyrocare at highly
affordable rates with the analysis done using sophisticated and automated technologies.
Causes of Osteoporosis