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Gynaecological Cancers - Incomplete Knowledge Is Precarious

Posted By HealthcareOnTime Team Posted on 2022-05-22 Gynaecological Cancers - Incomplete Knowledge Is Precarious

Women Empowerment! Very strong word, isn't it? But do we really ever think what exactly does it mean?Empowerment includes raising the status of women through right education making her aware of her rights as well as about her health and well being .It is all about giving her freedom to take her own decisions, to listen to her body and pain and giving access to take care of herself... A fundamental right!

Gynaecological cancers, are a group of Cancer that start vaginal discharge, pain and pressure in the lower in a woman's reproductive system. These reproductive abdomen, swelling, soreness, itching, burning, hard system's cancers are mostly preventable or curable, iflumos (wart-like) are such siens that should he checked detected in time. So comprehensive awareness is an essential tread to empower women of the country.

Types of Gynaecological Cancers
Gynaecological cancers are labeled according to the and vomiting. affected organs of the reproductive system, such as:

  • Ovarian cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Cervical cance
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer
Few other types of gynaecological cancers include Gestational trophoblastic cancer (pregnancy associated) and Fallopian tube cancer.

Clinical Presentation
Each one of these can present in its own unique way. It giving her freedom to take her own decisions, to listen to particularly depends upon the affected organ. Still some worrying symptoms hat may raise the doubt of having it herself include, bleeding after menopause, bleeding between menstrual periods, or bleeding after coitus,abnormal vaginal discharge, pain and pressure in the lower abdomen swelling, soreness, itching, burning, hard lumos (wart-like) are such siens that should he checked

Specific symptoms depending upon the organ affected:

  • Ovarian cancer: Pain or heavy feeling in the lower abdomen, pelvic region or lower back, unusual vaginal bleeding, weight loss or gain, irregular period nausea and vomiting.
  • Uterine and endometrial cancer Initially the symptoms are silent until the cancer becomes metastasized. Appearance of abnormal vaginal bleeding, watery and pink, foul smelling, thick, brown discharge, heavy irregular menstrual flow or bleeding between menstruation, pain in lower abdomen, back and legs, enlarged uterus.
  • Cervical cancer Bleeding between or after menstrual periods, coitus, douching, after pelvic examination, longer and heavier menstrual flow, increased and foul smelling vaginal discharge, chronic pelvic and back pain.
  • Vaginal cancer: Irregular vaginal bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, a mass or lump in the vagina, pain in pelvic area and during urination.
  • Vulvar cancer : Itchiness or soreness of vulva, pain, skin color change or thickening along with irregular bleeding.
Gynaecological Cancers - Risk Factors
Factors which are associated with an increased possibility of developing gynaecological cancers are advanced age, strong family history, hormonal

  • Pelvic Examination: It is the foremost step, to examine the patient's reproductive organs by pressing down on different parts of the pelvic area and by inserting two fingers inside the vagina in order to note changes in size or shape, and to examine mass indicating a problem.
  • Cervical Screening Test: Pap test (Conventional and Liquid-Based cervical Cytology (LBC)). More details about this technique has been covered in the previous article onAdvances in Cervical Cancer.
  • Blood tests It tests the presence of gynaecological cancer markers such as:
  • Endoscopy Hysterosalpingography to detect the cause for infertility, chronic pelvic pain, pelvic tumors, pelvic inflammatory disease. Colposcopy is done to get a magnified view of the cervix, vagina and vulva.
  • Biopsy It is done to study any abnormal lesion.
  • Imaging Tests Transvaginal ultrasound, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans can be done.
Truth Behind the Myths When it comes to gynaecological health, one must be informed about their body and risk factors that change over time, and empowered with proper health practices such as
Taking seriously any unusual or abnormal symptoms associated with your reproductive organs
- Routine gynaecological screening such as Pap tests
-Taking vaccines for preventable cancers such as cervical cancer


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  • Disclaimer: HealthcareOnTime offers extensively researched information, including laboratory testing for health screening. However, we must emphasize that this content is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always prioritize consulting your healthcare provider for accurate medical guidance and personalized treatment. Remember, your health is of paramount importance, and only a qualified medical professional can make precise determinations regarding your well-being.
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