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Prolactin Test Cost, Purpose, Procedure, and Test Result Interpretation

Prolactin Test

Posted By Rupa Jaiswal Posted on Sep 25, 2022

Are you suffering from infertility? Then, you must check the prolactin hormone levels in your body by performing a prolactin test.

Prolactin Test Cost, Purpose, Procedure, and Test Result Interpretation

You must be wondering what is prolactin hormone and why am I suggesting a prolactin test.

Don't worry I will discuss the following points in detail that will help you understand about prl test.

  • Prolactin Test – Overview
  • Why Should You Undergo a Prolactin Test?
  • How to interpret the Prolactin test results?
  • What are normal vs. high or low prolactin levels?
  • All you need to know about the Prolactin test price
  • How HealthcareOnTime can help?

But before discussing the above points let me give you a brief about prolactin hormone and its functions in our bodies.

What is Prolactin?

Prolactin is a hormone produced by lactrotrope cells present in anterior pituitary glands.

The production and release of prolactin from the pituitary gland are regulated by dopamine and estrogen. Even the central nervous system, immune system, uterus, and mammary glands contribute to the production of prolactin hormone.

Prolactin levels are low in males and non-lactating and non-pregnant girls. But the level of prolactin hormone increases during pregnancy and childbirth.

Prolactin contributes to numerous functions in our body. Some of them are

  • It helps in the development of mammary glands in breasts during pregnancy.
  • It stimulates milk production after the delivery of a baby.
  • It helps to maintain the lactation process.
  • It helps in the metabolism of vitamin D deficiency, calcium, and carbohydrate.
  • To some extent, it helps in the secretion of the testosterone hormone in men.

As we can see that prolactin hormone helps us in many ways so we must check that we have the right amount of prolactin hormone in our body.

For this reason, we have a Diagnostic test named the prolactin test that can come to our rescue.

Prolactin Test - Overview

The prolactin test is a simple lab test that is used by medical professionals to check the levels of prolactin hormone in our bodies.

This test is used by healthcare professionals to detect if you have high, low, or normal levels of prolactin hormone.

The Prl test is also used to monitor the functioning of the pituitary glands gland.

There are certain symptoms in men and women that recommend a prl test.

Symptoms in females with low prolactin level includes

  • Irregular menstrual cycle or no menstruation
  • Infertility
  • Painful intercourse due to vaginal dryness
  • Milk discharge from the breast without pregnancy (galactorrhea)
  • Acne
  • Excessive facial or body hair growth

Symptoms in males due to low prolactin hormone are

  • Low sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Decreased body and facial hair
  • In rare cases, enlarged breasts

Common symptoms that can be seen in both men and women include

  • Headache
  • Unclear vision

Why Should You Undergo a Prolactin Test?

You must undergo a prl test if you see the above symptoms because those symptoms may indicate the following problems

  • Anorexia
  • Any other pituitary gland tumors
  • hypothyroidism
  • polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • kidney disease
  • liver disease
  • seizures
  • infection by herpes zoster
  • lung cancer
  • stress caused by any illness
  • trauma to the chest wall
  • certain medications like antidepressants, hypertension drugs, acid reflux drugs, drugs with estrogen, and birth control pills

By using the prolactin test we can know the underlying reason for high or low prolactin levels.

By knowing the correct reason the doctors can diagnose and recommend the correct treatment.

How to interpret the Prolactin test results?

Before interpreting the prolactin test results, we must know the normal values of prolactin.

Males: less than 20 ng/mL (425 µg/L)

Nonpregnant females: less than 25 ng/mL (25 µg/L)

Pregnant females: 80 to 400 ng/mL (80 to 400 µg/L)

If you get prl test results deviating from the above values, then you may have high or low levels of prolactin in your body.

If you have high levels of prolactin then it may indicate you have hyperprolactinemia. This medical condition can be caused by anorexia nervosa, liver disease, kidney disease, and hypothyroidism.

Due to hypothyroidism, the pituitary gland enlarges that may require thyroid hormone replacement therapy. High levels of prolactin may cause pituitary tumors.

Certain medications like risperidon, haloperidone, and metoclopramide are also responsible for high prolactin hormones.

High levels of prolactin are responsible for infertility. This is because high prolactin levels can be due to prolactinoma. Prolactinoma is a medical condition where tumors develop in the pituitary gland.

Due to these tumors pressure is being built on the pituitary gland and hormone production is stopped. This condition is known as hypopituitarism. Hypopituitarism causes lower sex drive and infertility in both males and females.

Even low prolactin levels indicate your pituitary gland isn’t working well.

What are normal vs high or low prolactin levels?

Normal levels of prolactin in males and females are as follows:

Males: less than 20 ng/mL (425 µg/L)

Nonpregnant females: less than 25 ng/mL (25 µg/L)

Pregnant females: 80 to 400 ng/mL (80 to 400 µg/L)

Values below the normal range mean low prolactin levels and above the normal range mean high prolactin levels.

All you need to know about the Prolactin test price

Before you perform a prolactin test in any lab you must be aware of the prolactin test price. The prolactin test cost depends on the location and the lab you want to conduct your prl test. The prolactin test cost in India ranges between INR 400 to INR 850.

Ah! It looks like you are very confused after knowing the prolactin test price. Well, I have a solution to your problem. I know a lab that is available in every city in India and provides quality healthcare facilities at an affordable price. The name of the lab is HealthcareOnTime.

You don't have to believe my words you can research this lab on your own by clicking here.

How HealthcareOnTime can help?

HealthcareOnTime is the only leading diagnostic center that is CAP-accredited, NABL certified, and also ISO certified.

They perform all their tests in CAP-accredited labs by well-qualified and trained healthcare professionals who have had the expertise for years.

HealthcareOnTime in partnership with Throcare provides numerous health packages at an affordable rate so that every person gets their treatment on time.

They also provide at-home Lab tests, test reports are sent to you via email which saves our time a lot and you can save up to Rs. 5000 in tax for preventive health checkups under section 80D.

HealthcareOnTime provides 24/7 online and phone booking facilities, thus giving us the freedom to avail of any test services at any time and anywhere. You can clear your queries on their Facebook page and also by calling them by using their phone booking facilities.

By now I hope you have understood the importance of prolactin hormones in our bodies and their devastating effects on our bodies. I have also mentioned the best healthcare lab in our country. So, without further delay book your prolactin test services today and get the best treatment as early as possible.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the best time for the prolactin test?

The best time for a prolactin test is 3 hours after you wake up in the morning. This is because stress and exercise can elevate the prolactin levels in the blood and give us wrong results.

  • Is fasting required for the prolactin test?

You may require a fast for 12 hours before the test.

  • Is the prolactin test done during periods?

You undergo a prolactin test during periods because prolactin levels vary throughout the day.

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