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What is preventive health checkup ?

What is preventive health checkup ?

Posted By Rupa Jaiswal Posted on May 22, 2021

What is preventive health checkup ?

Any disease or disorder does not knock on the door and arrives suddenly. Our body is a masterpiece in giving subtle signs of any disease/disorder way before it becomes evident. Frequent fever or urination, swelling or that constant nagging pain in any body part are signs of an infection or inflammation in the body. Without these, one would not know if there is anything wrong with their body. Most people do not pay attention and ignore these symptoms. When symptoms become unbearable, people have to be rushed to the hospital. Why wait till the condition worsens, when it can be prevented beforehand, The old adage, "stitch in time saves nine", explains well how important prevention is to battle health conditions. Instead of fighting painful symptoms, a safe step towards saving the future, taken ahead of an impending disease is preventive care. Preventive healthcare focuses on taking preventive measures for safeguarding health and leading healthy lifestyle so as to remain disease-free. This pre-patient care involves understanding prerequisites of the body with diagnostic tests to highlight potential health issues before one falls ill. It covers a series of tests determine the overall well-being of the body parts by analyzing levels of biomarkers like Metabolic and others.

What is preventive health checkup ?
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What comes under preventive health checkup ?

Based on family/medical history or early symptoms, a head-to-toe preventive health checkup involves blood and urinary pH tests for early detection of abnormalities in the body. Consultation from health practitioners can help to monitor health status, disease prognosis, adapt better lifestyle/dietary habits and predict future health complications effectively.

What tests are done in preventive health checkup?

Diabetes -High glucose levels can trigger other health conditions affecting every organ of the body like eye, foot, nerves, kidneys, blood sugar levels before the condition damages other organs. Must for monitoring blood sugar levels, blood sugar test identifies diabetes as well as prediabetes, at the same time provides the right and clear picture of how well the sugar control was over last 90 days. Fasting Plasma Glucose testing estimates blood glucose levels after an overnight fast to detect prediabetes and diabetes. Other test include C-peptide test (checks insulin resistance), blood ketone (detects ketone buildup) and fructosamine (monitors diabetes treatment).

Thyroid -Thyroid gland controls body's metabolism by producing thyroid hormones (triiodothyronine- triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine -T4 (thyroxine)) under presence of thyroid stimulating hormone (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)). This profile detects thyroid conditions by estimating levels of thyroid hormones. Testing if the thyroid gland is working fine or not can stop a whole lot of other conditions as thyroid complications directly affect body functions, stamina, heart rate, body weight, muscle strength and body temperature.

Obesity - Testing to find out the cause of Obesity can help plan a way to shed the kilos or stop further weight gain. Measuring important parameters like the levels of steroid hormones, growth hormone, thyroid hormones, insulin hormone, vitamin, minerals, etc., can help to narrow down the cause of obesity. This could help prevent the accompanying complications of obesity like joint, diabetes, heart diseases and so on.

Heart - High levels of Cholesterol and plaque deposition in arteries mn block blood vessels, reduce blood flow, cause chest pain, increasing risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke. Obesity, diabetes, unhealthy eating habits and inactive lifestyle can put heart health at risk. LDL-bad cholesterol allows to monitor heart health by estimating levels of Total Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, LDL CholesterolVLDL Cholesterol and triglycerides. Cardiac Risk Markers Test like Apolipoprotein A and B, Lp-PLA2, C-reactive protein evaluate the risk of coronary heart disease and monitor heart health so that any abnormality can be detected early to patch the damage.

Bone - Low levels of Vitamin D, RA, kidneys, kidneys, specific antibodies like anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Protein (Anti Ccp Accp) antibody and Antinuclear Antihody (ANA) can detect risk of bone like arthritis and orteoporosis.

Liver - If one follows sedentary or inactive lifestyle, smokes, consumes excessive alcohol or fatty foods or is at risk of infections like Hepatitis, then their liver is at risk. Liver function tests tell how well one, liver is working and if there is any potential risk of inflammation or infection, by analyzing parameters like kidneys, aspartate amino-transferase a. alanine trans-aminase.

Kidney -Kidneys filter waste products, maintain blood pressure and balance the work-load on heart. High blood pressure, difficulty in passing urine and/or blood in urine can indicate kidney problems. Kidney functton tests find out if kidneys are working properly and includes estimation of urine and kidneys.

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Recommended Age and Gender-Wise Tests to be undertaken

Both males and females can undergo above tests to assess their health at any age. Also, a complete hemogram test is highly recommended to all as it measures cells that make up blood and helps to know how healthy the body is. It also detects risk of any infections, anemia, diseases and disorder as well as blood cell abnormalities. Iron deficiency test or anemia test and measurement of essential minerals and vitamins levels are also a must as if it is untreated, it can cause malnutrition and other associated complications. Through preventive care, parents can keep an eye on their child's health and can make necessary corrections in diet or use supplementation if there is any deficiency.

Screening for anemia between 9 to 12 months in an infant and from 1 to S years in children is usually recommended. Regular checkup and blood test for levels of essential vitamins including A, B and and D and measurement of minerals help to maintain their levels in growing children. Upsurge in conditions like obesity, diabetes, abnormal levels of cholesterol and lipids, deficiency of minerals and nutrients may occur in young adults. This might be due to the changes in body physiology or the lifestyle and food habits which the adolescents usually adopt. Hence, testing is recommended.

Pregnant women should undergo Double/Triple marker tests during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy check presence of any birth defects in the unborn child. These tests are also done in case of increased maternal age and if the first child both is with birth defects. Pregnant women are also recommended to check their health via TORCH test to detect infections (Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Simples Virus, Rubella, Toxoplasma gondii and others) that cause congenital defects in children. Screening for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV virus) infection, hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection is also a necessity for pregnant women. Elderly must undergo regular checkups to monitor any existing medical condition and maintain organ health (bones, liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, etc.). As the risk of diseases become high with ageing, preventive healthcare becomes more crucial as one ages.

Early diagnosis helps manage health issue with lesser medications, dietary/lifestyle changes and exercises. One spends less money, energy and suffers lesser hassle manage health conditions compared to finding at later stages. Attention should thus be paid to significant changes within the body. Let the awareness he created that diagnostic tests help maintain good health and are the best way to fend off a disease from wrecking one's life!.

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That is why we say, The best time to go for a preventive health checkup is when you do not need one!

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