As the name suggests, urinalysis analyzes your urine and pee on the visual, chemical, and microscopic aspects. It’s a reputable health test that indirectly helps medical practitioners detect signs of potential health conditions and diseases that might threaten your living.
In general, a urinalysis, also known as a urine test, urine analysis, and UA, helps your doctor:
According to medical experts, urine tests significantly aid in detecting and measuring different compounds that pass through the urine. Your doctor may advise you to undertake the urinalysis test if you’re experiencing the following symptoms:
Urine test forms the base of most medical conditions and assists doctors in detecting medical problems whose symptoms are yet to appear. The test can help detect diseases like:
Depending on the severity of your medical condition, your doctor may suggest frequent visits for regular testing as a precautionary step to closely evaluate and monitor your health condition. The test can be performed at all ages, even for children who show signs of UTI.
Urinalysis is a mix of tests that come into play depending on your medical condition and the symptoms you showcase. However, in most cases, your urine gets tested on these three aspects:
Let’s dive into each aspect individually and learn how and what it includes.
The title explains what the test would involve. As a part of this test, the healthcare practitioner tests your urine sample w.r.t the naked eye and checks if it looks clear, cloudy, or in a different color (pale yellow, dark yellow, or any other).
Depending on how concentrated or dilute your urine is, your urine color can vary from normal yellow to colorless or pale yellow to deep amber shade.
Your diet plays a significant role in changing your urine color alongside other supplements and medications that you’re consuming. But if the urine color is unusual, it can trigger the possibility of you suffering from a disease. For example, you get red-colored urine due to blood in your urine, which indicates damage to your urinary system.
In case you have cloudy urine, chances are that sperm or skin cells are present within. The presence of red blood cells, white blood cells, or bacteria too can make your urine cloudy and indicate signs of medical conditions like:
In this scenario, the healthcare providers use specialized test strips called – dipsticks to test your urine sample. These strips have chemical pads that change color when they come in contact with different substances. The percentage of color change on the dipstick indicates the amount of substance present.
These are the standard tests that rely on a dipstick while analyzing your urine sample collection:
Urine pH Test: It measures your urine's acid-base (pH) level. Higher pH symbolizes kidney issues alongside UTI, while a lower pH indicates diarrhea and diabetes-related ketoacidosis.
Once you've given your sample for complete urine analysis, the lab technicians will check it under a microscope to check for microscopic particles/substances in your urine, like cells, mucus, bacteria, and other germs.
It involves the following microscopic tests:
Urinalysis testing becomes essential when you're showcasing signs of kidney problems, urinary tract issues, etc. The test also comes in handy to evaluate your overall medical condition and scan through your body for disorders like diabetes or liver-related problems.
As a part of the urine test, once you've given your urine sample, it gets tested chemically, microscopically, and for any changes in color and appearance. In most cases, the sample gets collected using the clean-catch method or another sterile method.
Urine culture, on the contrary, helps detect urinary tract infections. In this test, microorganisms are allowed to grow under laboratory conditions. It helps detect the presence of bacteria and other microbes present in the urine sample.
Generally, the urine culture test doesn't include the urinalysis; however, it too involves collecting the non-contaminated urine sample by inserting the sterile catheter or leveraging the clean-catch method.
Before you go for the urine sample test, you must drink ample liquids, as it will allow you to go to the washroom and produce a urine sample. Sometimes, your doctor may ask you to bring a sample of your first-morning void.
If you're on medication or supplements, your healthcare provider may ask you to stop them completely a few days before your test date. It's because these can significantly change the color of your urine, which may affect your test results too.
Also, during your complete urine examination, inform your doctor if you're on period, as according to medical experts, vaginal discharge or menstrual blood can significantly interfere with your test results.
The urine sample collection process varies for both genders, and so does the methodology. You're likely to give your sample at the laboratory or the doctor's office, and the experts rely on the clean-catch method to ensure your sample remains contamination-free. Your doctor may sometimes ask you to use a catheter for sample collection, especially when you cannot provide a sample using the clean-catch method.
In the clean-catch method, you get a specimen cup, sterile wipes, and specific instructions from your doctor on collecting the sample. So, before you proceed with the same, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Here's a quick overview of the steps of how you can give your sample using the clean-catch method or using a catheter and how the steps vary for each gender:
If you're using a catheter for urine sample collection, follow these steps:
Once you've given your sample, it's sent for lab testing, and you can expect your test results in the next 1-2 business days. However, in some cases, the doctor may test the sample immediately and run dipstick tests (to check for the presence of different substances).
If you've given your urine sample using the clean-catch method, there are no risks involved as it's a painless procedure and a non-invasive test.
But if you used the catheter option, you may experience subtle signs of infection, which may be painful and cause discomfort for the next 1-2 days. However, consult your healthcare provider immediately if the pain continues for a long time.
As stated earlier, urinalysis is a mixture of tests you undertake after getting a recommendation from your doctor. Thus, depending on which form of urine test (chemical, visual, or microscopic) you take, the doctors generate your test report.
In the case of chemical testing, your report will show if the results are positive/negative and/or will highlight the amount of substance present in your urine sample. In the case of microscopic testing, you will learn the number of substances (Little/Few, Moderate, or Many) present in your sample.
However, if you're opting for the visual test, your test report will list the following:
You will also get insights on the color of your urine sample, which would likely be either of the following:
Please know that urinalysis gives doctors a basic idea about your medical condition. The results can help your healthcare provider understand if you need to undertake additional tests or not.
Remember that any form of medication, supplements, or the presence of the substance, alongside other circumstances like stress, anxiety, and exercise, can significantly influence your test results. For example, protein in your urine signifies that you are suffering from kidney disease.
A normal result sometimes doesn't rule out the possibility of you suffering from chronic kidney disease, so tread your steps carefully. So, if your test results are on the higher side, you might have to undergo additional tests like blood tests or imaging tests to diagnose a medical condition successfully.
To ensure you're interpreting your test results correctly, connect with your doctor and get the answers to all your queries.
If you're booking your urine analysis test at home, you must consider HealthcareOnTime any day. It's because they are a NABL/ISO-accredited diagnostic center with a PAN-India presence and experienced doctors and other medical experts completely at your disposal 24*7.
Another factor that makes HealthcareOnTime, the go-to option is that its urine test price is one of the best compared to its counterparts and thus affordable for almost every individual.
So, check out the HealthcareOnTime website today and book your urinalysis test without delay!
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